2022 Sine Die Report

An analysis of the content and output of the 2022 legislative session in Arizona, co-authored by Niles Corder and Jeanne Woodbury.

On This Page
  1. Overview & Motivation
  2. Session Highlights
  3. Legislature Stats
  4. Data & Methodology
  5. Legislator Score Cards

Overview & Motivation

Each year, the Arizona legislature meets from early January to Sine Die – the final day – often in late June, to sponsor, discuss, and pass into law or the public record hundreds of bills and resolutions. At Equality Arizona, we spend the majority of the legislative session keeping on top of the bills that are core to the challenges facing our community. Over the past decade, this has meant contending with an ever increasing number of bills targeting trans people and LGBTQ+ children, along with threats to our fundamental freedoms of speech, association, and bodily autonomy. One side effect of this is that we don’t often get to share the full picture of what goes on in the legislature; for all of the harm even one anti-LGBTQ+ bill can cause, the record numbers proposed this year still only make up a small percentage of the legislature’s total.

We thought it would be interesting to quantify that, so we ran an analysis of every bill and resolution sponsored in the Arizona legislature this year, and tallied up the number of items sponsored across a range of topics. Good, bad, or something more complex, the amount of legislation on the subject of LGBTQ+ rights accounted for only 1.43% of the total. Everything pertaining to reproductive rights (a wide net including abortion access, foster care, and more) accounts for another 2.98%. So where else are legislators spending their time? And what can we gain from learning more about that?

Before we answer that second question, let’s go over the categories we defined to structure our data.

It’s important to note that these are subjective categorizations, and an imperfect system. When a bill connected to multiple issues, it came down to a judgment call; LGBTQ+ education bills would always end up in the LGBTQ+ category, for example. In some cases, a bill might have an intent that diverges from the topline subject of the bill (this was common for legislation written in response to the pandemic) so we would categorize those according to their intent. With this in mind, we’re publishing all of our raw data, which in turn references the publicly available information on the Arizona Legislature’s website.

So what can we learn from this?

One common use case for legislative tracking like this is to create scorecards for each legislator. They can be an important tool for accountability and a useful gauge of what to expect when engaging with a legislator on the issues you care about. For a project like that, we would track how each legislator voted on LGBTQ-specific items, and then assign a score to show how their votes aligned with LGBTQ+ rights. But in many cases, the votes don’t tell the whole story; dangerous policies can be killed before they reach a vote, or neutralized through amendments, and votes from a minority caucus can’t easily translate into real policy outcomes. When we meet with legislators, we’re often trying to win their first pro-LGBTQ+ vote, and that requires taking the time to see the legislature and the legislative process the way they do. What we realized we wanted to see was something more like player stats than a scoreboard. If we’re meeting with a legislator about something that’s important to us, is it an issue they spend a lot of time on, or not? Where do they focus their attention? Are they generally successful at getting bills passed, or not? We’ve compiled that data for all 90 legislators from the 2022 session, but before we get there, let’s look at some of the highlights.

Session Highlights

Category by category, how many bills became law?

Category by category, where did each party focus?

How effective was each party?

Legislature Stats

Individual Legislator Records

Category by category, who sponsored the most items?

Category by category, who was the most focused?

Data & Methodology

Using publicly available data from the Arizona Legislature, hosted on azleg.gov, we reviewed all 1,747 items sponsored in the 2022 regular session across both the state Senate and state House of Representatives, and sorted them into the categories described above. We decided at the beginning not to sort these bills based on any political consideration, such as pro-LGBTQ or anti-LGBTQ, primarily because we wanted to ensure that the data reflected the degree to which each legislator focused on a topic, rather than their beliefs, but also because in many categories there simply aren't two directly opposed sides of an issue.

Another early decision was to sort each item into only one category, which occasionally meant discerning which topic was the focus of a bill. A good example would be HB 2011, an education bill targeting LGBTQ+ students, which we chose to sort into the LGBTQ+ Rights category instead of the more generic Education category. Rather than creating a separate COVID-19 category, we chose to categorize those items under Healthcare, which introduced some interesting decisions, including sorting HB 2613 into Healthcare, despite the content of the bill, which was designed to discourage vaccination messages on ADOT highway signs but does not directly reference COVID-19.

For transparency, we've made our entire dataset available online as a read-only Google Sheet. The first two pages document our categorizations of each item and provide overall statistics from the legislature as a whole. The page titled Full Data presents the statistics for all 30 senators and 60 representatives, and the subsequent 90 pages show the detailed data for each legislator.

Legislator Score Cards: State Senate

Lela Alston

  • Top issue: Education, 12 items (17.39%)
  • Success rate: 2 items passed into law (2.90%)
  • Nancy Barto

  • Top issue: Healthcare, 32 items (42.11%)
  • Success rate: 36 items passed into law (47.37%)
  • Sonny Borrelli

  • Top issue: Democracy, 14 items (15.91%)
  • Success rate: 38 items passed into law (43.18%)
  • Sean Bowie

  • Top issue: Education, 23 items (22.77%)
  • Success rate: 7 items passed into law (6.93%)
  • Paul Boyer

  • Top issue: Education, 12 items (35.29%)
  • Success rate: 15 items passed into law (44.12%)
  • Lupe Contreras

  • Top issues: Education & Repro, 6 items (14.63%)
  • Success rate: 2 items passed into law (4.88%)
  • Karen Fann

  • Top issue: Democracy, 9 items (18.00%)
  • Success rate: 25 items passed into law (50.00%)
  • Rosanna Gabaldon

  • Top issue: Economic Development, 14 items (12.39%)
  • Success rate: 1 item passed into law (0.88%)
  • Sally Gonzales

  • Top issue: Education, 25 items (15.34%)
  • Success rate: 5 items passed into law (3.07%)
  • David Gowan

  • Top issue: Justice, 14 items (14.00%)
  • Success rate: 45 items passed into law (45.00%)
  • Rick Gray

  • Top issue: Education, 9 items (18.00%)
  • Success rate: 33 items passed into law (66.00%)
  • Theresa Hatathlie

  • Top issue: Education, 16 items (18.60%)
  • Success rate: 2 items passed into law (2.90%)
  • Sine Kerr

  • Top issues: Education, Transportation, Climate + Water, Justice, & Democracy, 6 items (10.71%) each
  • Success rate: 28 items passed into law (50.00%)
  • Vince Leach

  • Top issue: Democracy, 16 items (17.20%)
  • Success rate: 36 items passed into law (38.71%)
  • David Livingston

  • Top issue: Democracy, 14 items (16.67%)
  • Success rate: 38 items passed into law (45.24%)
  • Christine Marsh

  • Top issue: Education, 21 items (34.43%)
  • Success rate: 2 items passed into law (3.28%)
  • Juan Mendez

  • Top issue: Climate + Water, 12 items (24.00%)
  • Success rate: 0 items passed into law
  • J.D. Mesnard

  • Top issue: Democracy, 14 items (29.17%)
  • Success rate: 18 items passed into law (37.50%)
  • Lisa Otondo

  • Top issue: Education, 12 items (27.27%)
  • Success rate: 3 items passed into law (6.82%)
  • Tyler Pace

  • Top issue: Healthcare, 15 items (30.00%)
  • Success rate: 22 items passed into law (44.00%)
  • Warren Petersen

  • Top issue: Democracy, 7 items (22.58%)
  • Success rate: 11 items passed into law (35.48%)
  • Martin Quezada

  • Top issue: Justice, 40 items (26.32%)
  • Success rate: 2 items passed into law (1.32%)
  • Rebecca Rios

  • Top issue: Education, 9 items (16.07%)
  • Success rate: 4 items passed into law (7.14%)
  • Wendy Rogers

  • Top issue: Democracy, 29 items (25.89%)
  • Success rate: 4 items passed into law (3.57%)
  • T.J. Shope

  • Top issue: Education, 9 items (14.52%)
  • Success rate: 25 items passed into law (40.32%)
  • Stephanie Stahl Hamilton

  • Top issue: Education, 16 items (19.75%)
  • Success rate: 3 items passed into law (3.70%)
  • Victoria Steele

  • Top issue: Justice, 17 items (21.52%)
  • Success rate: 1 item passed into law (1.27%)
  • Raquel Terán

  • Top issue: Justice, 29 items (17.06%)
  • Success rate: 2 items passed into law (1.18%)
  • Kelly Townsend

  • Top issue: Democracy, 35 items (53.85%)
  • Success rate: 13 items passed into law (20.00%)
  • Michelle Ugenti-Rita

  • Top issue: Healthcare, 5 items (26.32%)
  • Success rate: 4 items passed into law (21.05%)
  • Legislator Score Cards: State House

    Morgan Abraham

  • Top issue: Education, 14 items (31.82%)
  • Success rate: 3 items passed into law (6.82%)
  • Richard Andrade

  • Top issue: Justice, 23 items (17.42%)
  • Success rate: 3 items passed into law (2.27%)
  • Brenda Barton

  • Top issue: Democracy, 23 items (46.00%)
  • Success rate: 12 items passed into law (24.00%)
  • Leo Biasiucci

  • Top issue: Democracy, 24 items (22.22%)
  • Success rate: 24 items passed into law (22.22%)
  • Walt Blackman

  • Top issue: Justice, 32 items (20.00%)
  • Success rate: 39 items passed into law (24.38%)
  • Jasmine Blackwater-Nygren

  • Top issue: Justice, 13 items (13.40%)
  • Success rate: 6 items passed into law (6.19%)
  • Reginald Bolding

  • Top issue: Education & Justice, 13 items (17.11%)
  • Success rate: 4 items passed into law (5.26%)
  • Shawn Bolick

  • Top issue: Democracy, 20 items (25.32%)
  • Success rate: 22 items passed into law (27.85%)
  • Rusty Bowers

  • Top issue: Education, Climate + Water, & Justice, 6 items (14.63%) each
  • Success rate: 9 items passed into law (21.95%)
  • Judy Burges

  • Top issue: Democracy, 39 items (39.80%)
  • Success rate: 22 items passed into law (22.45%)
  • Kelli Butler

  • Top issue: Healthcare, 15 items (18.29%)
  • Success rate: 1 item passed into law (1.22%)
  • Andrés Cano

  • Top issue: Education & Climate + Water, 16 items (14.95%) each
  • Success rate: 3 items passed into law (2.80%)
  • Frank Carroll

  • Top issue: Democracy, 17 items (20.24%)
  • Success rate: 39 items passed into law (34.52%)
  • Neal Carter

  • Top issue: Democracy, 28 items (31.46%)
  • Success rate: 18 items passed into law (20.22%)
  • Joseph Chaplik

  • Top issue: Democracy, 35 items (43.21%)
  • Success rate: 19 items passed into law (23.46%)
  • César Chávez

  • Top issue: Education & Economic Development, 5 items (12.20%)
  • Success rate: 8 items passed into law (19.51%)
  • Regina Cobb

  • Top issue: Healthcare, 14 items (15.91%)
  • Success rate: 32 items passed into law (36.36%)
  • David Cook

  • Top issue: Justice, 20 items (21.74%)
  • Success rate: 22 items passed into law (23.91%)
  • Andrea Dalessandro

  • Top issue: Education, 23 items (16.55%)
  • Success rate: 4 items passed into law (2.88%)
  • Domingo DeGrazia

  • Top issue: Justice, 10 items (17.86%)
  • Success rate: 3 items passed into law (5.36%)
  • Lupe Diaz

  • Top issue: Democracy, 16 items (27.59%)
  • Success rate: 15 items passed into law (25.86%)
  • Tim Dunn

  • Top issue: Healthcare, 11 items (14.86%)
  • Success rate: 22 items passed into law (29.73%)
  • Mitzi Epstein

  • Top issue: Education, 13 items (18.84%)
  • Success rate: 3 items passed into law (4.35%)
  • Diego Espinoza

  • Top issue: Education, 11 items (22.00%)
  • Success rate: 10 items passed into law (20.00%)
  • Brian Fernandez

  • Top issue: Education, 8 items (13.11%)
  • Success rate: 3 items passed into law (4.92%)
  • John Fillmore

  • Top issue: Democracy, 47 items (38.21%)
  • Success rate: 25 items passed into law (20.33%)
  • Mark Finchem

  • Top issue: Democracy, 22 items (32.35%)
  • Success rate: 17 items passed into law (25.00%)
  • Travis Grantham

  • Top issue: Democracy, 7 items (21.21%)
  • Success rate: 11 items passed into law (33.33%)
  • Gail Griffin

  • Top issue: Climate + Water, 19 items (21.84%)
  • Success rate: 35 items passed into law (40.23%)
  • Alma Hernandez

  • Top issue: Education, 9 items (29.03%)
  • Success rate: 4 items passed into law (12.90%)
  • Melody Hernandez

  • Top issue: Justice, 32 items (20.51%)
  • Success rate: 2 items passed into law (1.28%)
  • Daniel Hernandez, Jr.

  • Top issue: Education, 11 items (23.40%)
  • Success rate: 4 items passed into law (8.51%)
  • Jake Hoffman

  • Top issue: Democracy, 31 items (44.93%)
  • Success rate: 16 items passed into law (23.19%)
  • Jennifer Jermaine

  • Top issue: Education, 22 items (18.03%)
  • Success rate: 9 items passed into law (7.38%)
  • Joel John

  • Top issue: Justice, 7 items (20.00%)
  • Success rate: 12 items passed into law (34.29%)
  • Steve Kaiser

  • Top issue: Education, 19 items (21.35%)
  • Success rate: 31 items passed into law (34.83%)
  • John Kavanagh

  • Top issue: Democracy, 26 items (23.85%)
  • Success rate: 38 items passed into law (34.86%)
  • Sarah Liguori

  • Top issue: Education, 24 items (26.09%)
  • Success rate: 3 items passed into law (3.26%)
  • Jennifer Longdon

  • Top issue: Justice, 22 items (16.30%)
  • Success rate: 10 items passed into law (7.41%)
  • Teresa Martinez

  • Top issue: Democracy, 17 items (24.64%)
  • Success rate: 17 items passed into law (24.64%)
  • Christopher Mathis

  • Top issue: Education, 11 items (20.00%)
  • Success rate: 0 items passed into law
  • Robert Meza

  • Top issue: Education & Economic Development, 4 items (20.00%)
  • Success rate: 3 items passed into law (15.00%)
  • Quang Nguyen

  • Top issue: Democracy, 18 items (21.69%)
  • Success rate: 24 items passed into law (28.92%)
  • Joanne Osborne

  • Top issue: Healthcare, 9 items (20.93%)
  • Success rate: 25 items passed into law (58.14%)
  • Jacqueline Parker

  • Top issue: Democracy, 34 items (40.00%)
  • Success rate: 17 items passed into law (20.00%)
  • Jennifer Pawlik

  • Top issue: Education, 30 items (27.03%)
  • Success rate: 3 items passed into law (2.70%)
  • Kevin Payne

  • Top issue: Justice, 27 items (21.43%)
  • Success rate: 27 items passed into law (21.43%)
  • Beverly Pingerelli

  • Top issue: Democracy, 35 items (27.34%)
  • Success rate: 13 items passed into law (10.16%)
  • Pamela Powers Hannley

  • Top issue: Justice, 20 items (15.63%)
  • Success rate: 3 items passed into law (2.34%)
  • Marcelino Quiñonez

  • Top issue: Education, 12 items (19.67%)
  • Success rate: 1 item passed into law (1.64%)
  • Athena Salman

  • Top issue: Climate + Water, 10 items (18.87%)
  • Success rate: 0 items passed into law
  • Judy Schwiebert

  • Top issue: Education, 20 items (24.39%)
  • Success rate: 1 item passed into law (1.22%)
  • Amish Shah

  • Top issue: Healthcare, 13 items (20.31%)
  • Success rate: 17 items passed into law (26.56%)
  • Lorenzo Sierra

  • Top issue: Education, 10 items (22.73%)
  • Success rate: 7 items passed into law (15.91%)
  • Christian Solorio

  • Top issue: Education, 31 items (18.56%)
  • Success rate: 10 items passed into law (5.99%)
  • Ben Toma

  • Top issue: Education, 12 items (18.46%)
  • Success rate: 26 items passed into law (40.00%)
  • Myron Tsosie

  • Top issue: Education & Justice, 10 items (20.83%)
  • Success rate: 4 items passed into law (8.33%)
  • Michelle Udall

  • Top issue: Education, 23 items (45.10%)
  • Success rate: 27 items passed into law (52.94%)
  • Jeff Weninger

  • Top issue: Education & Justice, 5 items (11.36%)
  • Success rate: 22 items passed into law (50.00%)
  • Justin Wilmeth

  • Top issue: Healthcare, 20 items (20.20%)
  • Success rate: 31 items passed into law (31.31%)